# CBSE Syllabus for Class 12 Accountancy 2020-21

CBSE Class 12 Accountancy Syllabus emphasises on enhancing the fundamental comprehension about the nature and purpose of the accounting information and its utility in the conduct of business operations. This progresses logical reasoning, analytical skills and judgmental potential among the students.Â Class 12 Accountancy provides a wide range of illustrative examples, which help the students to comprehend and learn quickly.

## Download Term Wise CBSE Class 12 Accountancy Syllabus 2021-22 PDF

Students can directly download the CBSE Accountancy Syllabus for Class 12 academic year 2021-22 by clicking on the link above. We have provided the marks distribution along with term 1 and term 2 syllabus for accountancy below.

## Term 1 CBSE Class 12 Accountancy Syllabus and Marks Distribution 2021-22

Accountancy (Code No. 055) Class-XII (2021-22)

Theory: 40 Marks
Duration: 90 minute

 Units Term 1 (MCQ Based Question Paper) Marks Part A Accounting for Partnership Firms 1 Fundamentals 18 2 Change In Profit Sharing Ratio 3 Admission Of A Partner 1 Company Accounts: Accounting For Shares 12 Part B Analysis ofÂ Financial Statement Financial Statement of a Company (i) Statement of Profit and Loss and Balance Sheet in prescribed form with major headings and sub headings (as per Schedule III to the Companies Act, 2013) (ii) Tools of Analysis – Ratio Analysis 10 Accounting Ratios OR Computerized Accounting 10 Overview 0f Computerised Accounting System Accounting Application of Electronic Spreadsheet Total Theory 40 Â Project Work (Part -1) 10

### Part A

#### Unit: Accounting for Partnership Firms Units/Topics

• Partnership: features, Partnership Deed.
• Provisions of the Indian Partnership Act 1932 in the absence of partnership deed.
• Fixed v/s fluctuating capital accounts. Preparation of Profit and Loss Appropriation account- division of profit among partners, guarantee of profits.
• Past adjustments (relating to interest on capital, interest on drawing, salary and profit sharing ratio).
• Goodwill: nature, factors affecting and methods of valuation – average profit, super profit and capitalization.

Accounting for Partnership firms – Reconstitution

• Change in the Profit Sharing Ratio among the existing partners – sacrificing ratio, gaining ratio, accounting for revaluation of assets and reassessment of liabilities and treatment of reserves and accumulated profits. Preparation of revaluation account and balance sheet.
• Admission of a partner – effect of admission of a partner on change in the profit sharing ratio, treatment o goodwill (as per AS 26), treatment for revaluation of assets and reassessment of liabilities, treatment of reserves and accumulated profits.

Note: (i) The realized value of each asset must be given at the time of dissolution. (ii) In case, the realization expenses are borne by a partner, clear indication should be given regarding the payment thereof.

#### Unit-3 Accounting for Companies

Accounting for Share Capital

• Share and share capital: nature and types.
• Accounting for share capital: issue and allotment of equity and preferences shares. Public subscription of shares – over subscription and under subscription of shares; issue at par and at premium, calls in advance and arrears (excluding interest), issue of shares for consideration other than cash.
• Concept of Private Placement and Employee Stock Option Plan (ESOP).
• Accounting treatment of forfeiture and reissue of shares.
• Disclosure of share capital in the Balance Sheet of a company.

### Part B: Financial Statement Analysis

#### Unit: Analysis of Financial Statements

Financial statements of a Company: Statement of Profit and Loss and Balance Sheet in prescribed form with major headings and sub headings (as per Schedule III to the Companies Act, 2013)

• Financial Statement Analysis: Objectives, importance and limitations.
• Tools for Financial Statement Analysis: Comparative statements, common size statements, cash flow analysis, ratio analysis.
• Accounting Ratios: Meaning, Objectives, classification and computation.
• Liquidity Ratios: Current ratio and Quick ratio.
• Solvency Ratios: Debt to Equity Ratio, Total Asset to Debt Ratio, Proprietary Ratio and Interest Coverage Ratio.
• Activity Ratios: Inventory Turnover Ratio, Trade Receivables Turnover Ratio, TradeÂ Payables Turnover Ratio and Working Capital Turnover Ratio.
• Profitability Ratios: Gross Profit Ratio, Operating Ratio, Operating Profit Ratio, Net Profit Ratio and Return on Investment.

OR

### Part B: Computerised Accounting

#### Unit: Computerised Accounting

Overview of Computerised Accounting System

• Introduction: Application in Accounting.
• Features of Computerised Accounting System.
• Structure of CAS.
• Software Packages: Generic; Specific; Tailored.

Accounting Application of Electronic Spreadsheet

• Concept of electronic spreadsheet.
• Features offered by electronic spreadsheet.
• Application in generating accounting information – bank reconciliation statement; asset accounting; loan repayment of loan schedule, ratio analysis
• Data representation- graphs, charts and diagrams.

## Term 2 CBSE Class 12 Accountancy Syllabus and Marks Distribution 2021-22

Accountancy (Code No. 055) Class-XII (2021-22)

Theory: 40 Marks

 Units Term 2 Marks Part A Accounting for Not-For Profit Organisations 10 1 Accounting for Partnership Firm 12 2 Retirement And Death Of A Partner 3 Dissolution Of Partnership Firms 1 Company Accounts: Accounting For Debentures 08 Part B Analysis ofÂ Financial Statement Financial Statement of a Company (i) Comparative And Common Size Statements 10 Cash Flow Statement OR Computerized Accounting 10 Using Computerised Accounting System Database Management System Total Theory 40 Â Project Work (Part -2) 10

### Part – A

#### Unit : Accounting for Not â€“ For Profit Organisations

• Not-for-profit organizations: concept.
• Receipts and Payments Account: features and preparation.
• Income and Expenditure Account: features, preparation of income and expenditure account and balance sheet from the given receipts and payments account with additional information.

#### Unit : Accounting for Partnership Firms

Accounting for Partnership firms – Reconstitution and Dissolution

• Retirement and death of a partner: effect of retirement / death of a partner on change in profit sharing ratio, treatment of goodwill, treatment for revaluation of assets and reassessment of liabilities, adjustment of accumulated profits and reserves and preparation of balance sheet.
• Calculation of deceased partnerâ€™s share of profit till the date of death.

Dissolution of a partnership firm: meaning of dissolution of partnership and partnership firm, types of dissolution of a firm. Settlementof accounts – preparation of realization account, and other related accounts: capitalaccounts of partners and cash/bank a/c (excluding piecemeal distribution, sale to a company and insolvency of partner(s)).

#### Unit – Accounting for Companies

Accounting for Debentures

• Debentures: Issue of debentures at par, at a premium and at a discount. Issue of debentures for consideration other than cash; Issue of debentures with terms of redemption; debentures as collateral securityconcept, interest on debentures. Writing off discount / loss on issue of debentures.

### Part â€“ B:

#### Unit : Analysis of Financial Statements

Financial statements of a Company

• Tools for Financial Statement Analysis: Comparative statements, common size statements.

#### Unit : Cash Flow Statement

• Meaning, objectives and preparation (as perAS 3 (Revised) (Indirect Method only)

OR

### Part B: Computerised Accounting

#### Unit : Computerised Accounting

Using Computerized Accounting System

• Steps in installation of CAS, codification and Hierarchy of account heads, creation of accounts.
• Data: Entry, validation and verification.
• Adjusting entries, preparation of balance sheet, profit and loss account with closing entries and opening entries.
• Need and security features of the system.

Database Management System (DBMS)

• Concept and Features of DBMS.
• DBMS in Business Application.
• Generating Accounting Information â€“ Payroll.

Over the centuries, accounting has been conserved and limited to the monetary record-keeping pursuits of the accountant. However, the current day’s rapidly developing business environment has impelled the accountants to revise their representation and functions both within the enterprise and the association.

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