NCERT Solutions Class 9 Maths

NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Maths – Free PDF Updated for 2021-22 Session

NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Maths includes solutions to all the questions given in the NCERT textbook for Class 9. The students can download PDF of chapter-wise solutions to these problems, from the links provided further below in this page. These NCERT Solutions for Class 9 cover all the topics included in the NCERT textbook-like Number System, Coordinate Geometry, Polynomials, Euclid’s Geometry, Quadrilaterals, Triangles, Circles, Constructions, Surface Areas and Volumes, Statistics, Probability, etc.

With the help of these Solutions of NCERT Books for Class 9 Maths, students can practise all types of questions from the chapters. The CBSE Class 9 Maths Solutions have been designed by our experts in a well-structured format to provide several possible methods of answering the problems and ensure a proper understanding of concepts. The students are suggested to practise all these solutions thoroughly for their exams. It will also help them in building a foundation for higher-level classes. Along with NCERT Solutions, students are also provided with other online learning materials, available in BYJU’S, such as notes, books, question papers, exemplar problems, worksheets etc. These materials are designed with respect to the CBSE syllabus and NCERT curriculum. Students are also advised to practise CBSE Class 9 Sample Papers to get an idea of the question pattern in the final exam.

15 chapters are present in the NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Maths. These chapters given in the NCERT Class 9 Maths lay a foundation for the chapters present in Class 10. The pdfs given at BYJU’S is accessible to everyone and can be downloaded by the students for free. NCERT Solutions of Class 9th Maths Book Chapter brief:

Students having trouble in solving tough Math problems can refer to these CBSE Maths Class 9 Solutions of NCERT for better guidance and for quick review. Solving these exercises in each chapter will assure positive results.

NCERT Solutions Class 9 Maths Chapter 1 Number System

This chapter discusses different topics, including rational numbers and irrational numbers. Students will also be learning the extended version of the number line and how to represent numbers (integers, rational and irrational) on it. A total of 6 exercises are present in this chapter that contains the problems based on all the topics asked in the chapter. This chapter also teaches students the representation of terminating/non-terminating recurring decimals (and successive magnification method) as well as the presentation of square roots of 2, 3 and other non-rational numbers on the number line. The chapter also deals with the laws of integral powers and rational exponents with positive real bases in Number System.

Topics Covered in Class 9 Maths Chapter 1 Number System:

Review of representation of natural numbers, integers, and rational numbers on the number line. Representation of terminating / non-terminating recurring decimals on the number line through successive magnification. Rational numbers as recurring/ terminating decimals. Operations on real numbers. Examples of non-recurring/non-terminating decimals. Existence of non-rational numbers (irrational numbers) and their representation on the number line. Definition of nth root of a real number. Recall of laws of exponents with integral powers.

Class 9 Maths NCERT Solutions Chapter 1 Exercises
Exercise 1.1 – 4 Questions (4 short answers)
Exercise 1.2 – 4 Questions (4 short answers)
Exercise 1.4 – 2 Questions (2 long answers)
Exercise 1.6 – 3 Questions (3 short answers)

Also access the following resources for Class 9 Chapter 1 Number System at BYJU’S:

NCERT Solutions Class 9 Maths Chapter 2 Polynomials

This chapter discusses a particular type of algebraic expression called polynomial and terminology related to it. Polynomial is an expression that consists of variables and coefficients, involving the operations of addition, subtraction, multiplication, and non-negative integer exponents of variables. The chapter also deals with Remainder Theorem and the Factor Theorem with the uses of these theorems in the factorisation of polynomials. Students will be taught several examples as well as the definition of different terms like polynomial, degrees, coefficient, zeros and terms of a polynomial. A total of 5 exercises are present in this chapter which includes problems related to all the topics mentioned in the chapter.

Topics Covered in Class 9 Maths Chapter 2 Polynomials:

Definition of a polynomial in one variable, with examples and counter examples. Coefficients of a polynomial, terms of a polynomial and zero polynomial. Degree of a polynomial. Constant, linear, quadratic and cubic polynomials. Monomials, binomials, trinomials. Factors and multiples. Zeros of a polynomial. Motivate and State the Remainder Theorem with examples. Statement and proof of the Factor Theorem. Factorization of ax2 + bx + c, a ≠ 0 where a, b and c are real numbers, and of cubic polynomials using the Factor Theorem. Recall of algebraic expressions and identities.

Class 9 Maths NCERT Solutions Chapter 2 Exercises
Exercise 2.1 – 5 Questions (5 short answers)
Exercise 2.2 – 4 Questions (4 short answers)
Exercise 2.3 – 3 Questions (3 short answers)

Also access the following resources for Class 9 Chapter 2 Polynomials at BYJU’S:

NCERT Solutions Class 9 Maths Chapter 3 Coordinate Geometry

The chapter Coordinate Geometry includes the concepts of the cartesian plane, coordinates of a point in xy – plane, terms, notations associated with the coordinate plane, including the x-axis, y-axis, x- coordinate, y-coordinate, origin, quadrants and more. Students, in this chapter, will also be studying the concepts of Abscissa and ordinates of a point as well as plotting and naming a point in xy – plane. There are 3 exercises in this chapter that contain questions revolving around the topics mentioned in the chapter, helping the students get thorough with the concepts.

Topics Covered in Class 9 Maths Chapter 3 Coordinate Geometry:

The Cartesian plane, coordinates of a point, names and terms associated with the coordinate plane, notations, plotting points in the plane.

Class 9 Maths NCERT Solutions Chapter 3 Exercises
Exercise 3.2 – 2 Questions (2 short answers)

Also access the following resources for Class 9 Chapter 3 Coordinate Geometry at BYJU’S:

NCERT Solutions Class 9 Maths Chapter 4 Linear Equations in Two Variables

Along with recalling the knowledge of linear equations in one variable, this chapter will introduce the students to the linear equation in two variables, i.e., ax + by + c = 0. Students will also learn to plot the graph of a linear equation in two variables. There are 4 exercises in this chapter that consist of questions related to finding the solutions of a linear equation, plotting a linear equation on the graph and other topics discussed in the chapter.

Topics Covered in Class 9 Maths Chapter 4 Linear Equations in Two Variables:

Recall of linear equations in one variable. Introduction to the equation in two variables. Focus on linear equations of the type ax+by+c=0. Explain that a linear equation in two variables has infinitely many solutions and justify their being written as ordered pairs of real numbers, plotting them and showing that they lie on a line. Graph of linear equations in two variables. Examples, problems from real life, including problems on Ratio and Proportion
and with algebraic and graphical solutions being done simultaneously.

Class 9 Maths NCERT Solutions Chapter 4 Exercises
Exercise 4.1 – 2 Questions (2 short answers)
Exercise 4.2 – 4 Questions (3 short answers, 1 long answer )
Exercise 4.4 – 2 Questions (2 long answers)

Also access the following resources for Class 9 Chapter 4 Linear Equations in Two Variables at BYJU’S:

NCERT Solutions Class 9 Maths Chapter 5 Introduction to Euclids Geometry

This chapter discusses Euclid’s approach to geometry and tries to link it with the present-day geometry. Introduction to Euclid’s Geometry provides the students with a method of defining common geometrical shapes and terms. Students will be taken deeper into the topic of axioms, postulates and theorems with the two exercises present in the chapter.

Topics Covered in Class 9 Maths Chapter 5 Introduction to Euclids Geometry:

History – Geometry in India and Euclid’s geometry. Euclid’s method of formalizing observed phenomenon into rigorous Mathematics with definitions, common/obvious notions, axioms/postulates and theorems. The five postulates of Euclid. Equivalent versions of the fifth postulate. Showing the relationship between axiom and theorem, for example:
(Axiom) 1. Given two distinct points, there exists one and only one line through them.
(Theorem) 2. (Prove) Two distinct lines cannot have more than one point in common.

Class 9 Maths NCERT Solutions Chapter 5 Exercises

Also access the following resources for Class 9 Chapter 5 Introduction to Euclids Geometry at BYJU’S:

NCERT Solutions Class 9 Maths Chapter 6 Lines and Angles

This chapter revolves around the theorems present in the topics of Lines and Angles. Students might often be asked to prove the statements given in the questions. There are 3 exercises in the chapter, solving which students would be able to understand the concepts covered in the chapter thoroughly. There are four axioms and eight theorems covered in the chapter.

Topics Covered in Class 9 Maths Chapter 6 Lines and Angles:

1. (Motivate) If a ray stands on a line, then the sum of the two adjacent angles so formed is 180o and the converse.
2. (Prove) If two lines intersect, vertically opposite angles are equal.
3. (Motivate) Results on corresponding angles, alternate angles, interior angles when a transversal intersects two parallel lines.
4. (Motivate) Lines which are parallel to a given line are parallel.
5. (Prove) The sum of the angles of a triangle is 180o.
6. (Motivate) If a side of a triangle is produced, the exterior angle so formed is equal to the sum of the two interior opposite angles.

Class 9 Maths NCERT Solutions Chapter 6 Exercises

Also access the following resources for Class 9 Chapter 6 Lines and Angles at BYJU’S:

NCERT Solutions Class 9 Maths Chapter 7 Triangles

In this chapter, students will study in detail about the congruence of triangles, rules of congruence, some properties of triangles and the inequalities in triangles. The chapter has a total of 5 exercises, in which the students are asked “to-prove” as well as application-level problems. With this chapter, students will also learn to prove the properties that they learnt in earlier classes. The chapter also teaches the students to apply the various congruence rules while solving the problems. There are about eight theorems covered in this chapter.

Topics Covered in Class 9 Maths Chapter 7 Triangles:

1. (Motivate) Two triangles are congruent if any two sides and the included angle of one triangle is equal to any two sides and the included angle of the other triangle (SAS Congruence).
2. (Prove) Two triangles are congruent if any two angles and the included side of one triangle is equal to any two angles and the included side of the other triangle (ASA Congruence).
3. (Motivate) Two triangles are congruent if the three sides of one triangle are equal to three sides of the other triangle (SSS Congruence).
4. (Motivate) Two right triangles are congruent if the hypotenuse and a side of one triangle are equal (respectively) to the hypotenuse and a side of the other triangle. (RHS Congruence)
5. (Prove) The angles opposite to equal sides of a triangle are equal.
6. (Motivate) The sides opposite to equal angles of a triangle are equal.
7. (Motivate) Triangle inequalities and relation between ‘angle and facing side’ inequalities in triangles.

Class 9 Maths NCERT Solutions Chapter 7 Exercises

Also access the following resources for Class 9 Chapter 7 Triangles at BYJU’S:

NCERT Solutions Class 9 Maths Chapter 8 Quadrilaterals

A figure obtained by joining four points in order is called a quadrilateral. This chapter takes the students to the depth of the topics of Quadrilaterals. The chapter contains 2 exercises that contain only one theorem to prove. However, there are a total of nine theorems that can be used to solve the application or conceptual level questions asked. Angle sum property of a Quadrilateral, types of quadrilaterals, properties of a parallelogram, and the mid-point theorem are taught explained in this chapter to help the students in learning the concepts thoroughly.

Topics Covered in Class 9 Maths Chapter 8 Quadrilaterals:

1. (Prove) The diagonal divides a parallelogram into two congruent triangles.
2. (Motivate) In a parallelogram opposite sides are equal, and conversely.
3. (Motivate) In a parallelogram opposite angles are equal, and conversely.
4. (Motivate) A quadrilateral is a parallelogram if a pair of its opposite sides is parallel and equal.
5. (Motivate) In a parallelogram, the diagonals bisect each other and conversely.
6. (Motivate) In a triangle, the line segment joining the mid points of any two sides is parallel to the third side and in half of it and (motivate) its converse.

Class 9 Maths NCERT Solutions Chapter 8 Exercises

Also access the following resources for Class 9 Chapter 8 Quadrilaterals at BYJU’S:

NCERT Solutions Class 9 Maths Chapter 9 Areas of Parallelograms and Triangles

In this chapter, an attempt has been made to consolidate the knowledge about the formulae to find the areas of different figures, by studying relationships between the areas of geometric figures, provided they lie on the same base and between the same parallels. This study will also be useful in the understanding of some results on ‘similarity of triangles’. The chapter contains 4 exercises of which, most of the questions ask the students to prove the statements given.

Topics Covered in Class 9 Maths Chapter 9 Areas of Parallelograms and Triangles:

1. (Prove) Parallelograms on the same base and between the same parallels have equal area.
2. (Motivate) Triangles on the same base (or equal bases) and between the same parallels are
equal in area

Class 9 Maths NCERT Solutions Chapter 9 Exercises
Exercise 9.1 – 1 Question (1 short answer)

Also access the following resources for Class 9 Chapter 9 Areas of Parallelograms and Triangles at BYJU’S:

NCERT Solutions Class 9 Maths Chapter 10 Circles

A circle can be defined as a collection of all the points in a plane, at a fixed distance from a fixed point in the plane. Topics like Angle Subtended by a Chord at a Point, Equal Chords and their respective distances from the Centre, the Angle Subtended by an Arc of a Circle, Cyclic Quadrilaterals and other terms related to circles are covered in this chapter. A total of twelve theorems are present in this chapter, learning which the students will get a clearer idea of the concepts taught. There are 6 exercises in this chapter which consist of questions from all the concepts present in the chapter.

Topics Covered in Class 9 Maths Chapter 10 Circles:

Through examples, arrive at definition of circle and related concepts-radius, circumference, diameter, chord, arc, secant, sector, segment, subtended angle.
1. (Prove) Equal chords of a circle subtend equal angles at the center and (motivate) its converse.
2. (Motivate) The perpendicular from the center of a circle to a chord bisects the chord and conversely, the line drawn through the center of a circle to bisect a chord is perpendicular to the chord.
3. (Motivate) There is one and only one circle passing through three given non-collinear points.
4. (Motivate) Equal chords of a circle (or of congruent circles) are equidistant from the center (or their respective centers) and conversely.
5. (Prove) The angle subtended by an arc at the center is double the angle subtended by it at any point on the remaining part of the circle.
6. (Motivate) Angles in the same segment of a circle are equal.
7. (Motivate) If a line segment joining two points subtends equal angle at two other points lying on the same side of the line containing the segment, the four points lie on a circle.
8. (Motivate) The sum of either of the pair of the opposite angles of a cyclic quadrilateral is 180° and its converse.

Class 9 Maths NCERT Solutions Chapter 10 Exercises
Exercise 10.1 – 2 Questions (2 short answers)
Exercise 10.2 – 2 Questions (2 long answers)
Exercise 10.3 – 3 Questions (3 long answers)
Exercise 10.4 – 6 Questions (6 long answers)
Exercise 10.5 – 12 Questions (12 long answers)
Exercise 10.6 – 10 Questions (10 long answers)

Also access the following resources for Class 9 Chapter 10 Circles at BYJU’S:

NCERT Solutions Class 9 Maths Chapter 11 Constructions

In this chapter, students will learn some basic constructions. The method learnt will then be used to construct certain kinds of triangles. There are 2 exercises present in this chapter, of which the first exercise deals with the construction of a certain angle or the bisector of a given angle. On the other hand, the second exercise deals with the constructions of triangles, when different parameters are given.

Topics Covered in Class 9 Maths Chapter 11 Constructions:

1. Construction of bisectors of line segments and angles of measure 60o, 90o, 45o etc., equilateral triangles.
2. Construction of a triangle given its base, sum/difference of the other two sides and one base angle.
3. Construction of a triangle of given perimeter and base angles.

Class 9 Maths NCERT Solutions Chapter 11 Exercises
Exercise 11.2 – 5 Questions (5 very long answer)

Also access the following resources for Class 9 Chapter 11 Constructions at BYJU’S:

NCERT Solutions Class 9 Maths Chapter 12 Heron’s Formula

The chapter discusses Heron’s formula, which can be used to calculate the area of a triangle when the length of all three sides is given. In this method, there is no need to calculate the angles or other distances in the triangle. This formula can be used not only to find the area of triangles but also to find the areas of quadrilaterals and other polygons by dividing them into triangles. There are 2 exercises in this chapter which help the student in understanding the method of solving the problems based on Heron’s formula.

Topics Covered in Class 9 Maths Chapter 12 Heron’s Formula:

Area of a triangle using Heron’s formula (without proof) and its application in finding the area of a quadrilateral.

Class 9 Maths NCERT Solutions Chapter 12 Exercises
Exercise 12.2 – 9 Questions (4 long answers, 5 very long answers)

Also access the following resources for Class 9 Chapter 12 Heron’s Formula at BYJU’S:

NCERT Solutions Class 9 Maths Chapter 13 Surface Areas and Volumes

In this chapter, students shall learn to find the surface areas and volumes of cuboids and cylinders in detail and broaden the study to some other solids, such as cones and spheres. This chapter is just an extended version of the chapter mensuration, in which the students learnt about the surface areas and volumes in earlier classes. There are 8 exercises in this chapter, and these exercises contain problems that are based on surface areas and volumes of different solids such as cubes, cuboids, spheres, cylinders, cones, and hemispheres.

Topics Covered in Class 9 Maths Chapter 13 Surface Areas and Volumes:

Surface areas and volumes of cubes, cuboids, spheres (including hemispheres) and right circular cylinders/cones.

Class 9 Maths NCERT Solutions Chapter 13 Exercises
Exercise 13.1 – 8 questions
Exercise 13.2 – 11 questions
Exercise 13.3 – 8 questions
Exercise 13.4 – 9 questions
Exercise 13.5 – 9 questions
Exercise 13.6 – 8 questions
Exercise 13.7 – 9 questions
Exercise 13.8 – 10 questions
Exercise 13.9 – 3 questions

Also access the following resources for Class 9 Chapter 13 Surface Areas and Volumes at BYJU’S:

NCERT Solutions Class 9 Maths Chapter 14 Statistics

The branch of Mathematics in which the extraction of meaningful information is studied is known as Statistics. It can also be defined as the collection of data on different aspects of the life of people, useful to the State. The chapter teaches about the different presentation of the data, including the frequency distribution as well. The chapter also helps the students learn the graphical representation of data, using different graphs such as Bar graphs, Histograms, Frequency polygons, etc. The chapter also lets the students learn the measure of central tendency mean, median and mode of the raw data. A total of 4 exercises are present in the chapter that includes problems related to all these concepts.

Topics Covered in Class 9 Maths Chapter 14 Statistics:

Introduction to Statistics: Collection of data, presentation of data — tabular form, ungrouped / grouped, bar graphs, histograms (with varying base lengths), frequency polygons. Mean, median and mode of ungrouped data.

Class 9 Maths NCERT Solutions Chapter 14 Exercises
Exercise 14.1 – 2 questions (2 short answers)
Exercise 14.2 – 9 questions (9 long answers)

Also access the following resources for Class 9 Chapter 14 Statistics at BYJU’S:

NCERT Solutions Class 9 Maths Chapter 15 Probability

The collection of some outcomes of an experiment is known as an event of an experiment. The chances of occurrence of an event are known as probability. In this chapter, students will learn to measure the chance of occurrence of a particular outcome in an experiment. This chapter contains only 1 exercise. The problems covered in this exercise are based on real-life incidents, enhancing the interest of the students in solving the questions.

Topics Covered in Class 9 Maths Chapter 15 Probability:

History, Repeated experiments and observed frequency approach to probability. Focus is on empirical probability. (A large amount of time to be devoted to group and to individual activities to motivate the concept; the experiments to be drawn from real – life situations, and from examples used in the chapter on statistics).

Class 9 Maths NCERT Solutions Chapter 15 Exercises

Also access the following resources for Class 9 Chapter 15 Probability at BYJU’S:

Benefits of BYJU’S NCERT Maths Solutions for Class 9

• The solutions are given in easy steps so that students can easily understand them.
• Students can access these solutions for free and clear any doubts instantly.
• Exercise-wise PDFs are also provided for all chapters of CBSE 9th Class Maths.
• The detailed explanations also help students to develop problem-solving skills and help them to learn concepts more effectively.
• The questions are solved using the easiest method.
• Diagrams are also given to help students visualize the questions and solutions.

CBSE Class 9 Maths Exam Pattern

The CBSE board conducts Maths exam where out of 100 marks 80 marks are assigned to theory paper and 20 marks are awarded for internal assessment. By understanding the exam pattern, students will be able to get an idea about the marks given to each answer based on the steps. The sample paper and marking scheme are released by the CBSE board to help students get well versed with the question paper design and pattern. About 25% of the theory paper questions are objective type.

CBSE Class 9 Maths Marking Scheme

 Section No. of Questions Marks per question Total Marks Section A 20 questions 1 mark 20 Section B 6 questions 2 marks 12 Section C 8 questions 3 marks 24 Section D 6 questions 4 marks 24 Total 40 questions 80

CBSE Class 9 Maths Unit wise weightage

The annual exam question paper in Class 9 Maths will be designed as per the unit wise marks distribution designed by the CBSE board. Given below is the list of units along with their weightage for the exam –

 Unit Unit Name Marks I Number system 08 II Algebra 17 III Coordinate Geometry 04 IV Geometry 28 V Mensuration 13 VI Statistics and Probability 10 Total 80

During the exam preparation, students should first complete the units carrying more weightage and then move on to the lower weightage. This helps students to first cover the important concepts and improves their confidence level to perform well in the annual exam.

Mathematics – Basic Question Paper Design Class IX

Time – 3 hours
Maximum marks – 80

 Sl. No. Typology of Questions Total Marks Percentage weightage (approx.) 1 Remembering 20 25 2 Understanding 23 29 3 Applying 19 24 4 Analysing, Evaluating and Creating 18 22 Total 80 100
 Internal Assessment 20 Marks Pen Paper Test and Multiple Assessment (5+5) 10 Marks Portfolio 05 Marks Lab Practical (Lab activities to be done from the prescribed books) 05 Marks

The students are advised to analyze all the concepts covered in the Syllabus of Class 9 Maths and prepare a proper preparation strategy. It’s merely impossible to score well in Maths by simply reading and memorizing the concepts. Students should always try to understand the concept and logic given in any particular topic. The students are suggested to practise these NCERT Solutions Class 9 materials on a regular basis to develop a strong understanding of basic mathematics concepts.

Along with the NCERT solutions, we have also provided a brief summary of important formulas and different methods of solving similar problems to help students in understanding the concepts thoroughly. Keep visiting BYJU’S to get more updated learning materials and download the BYJU’S app for a better and personalized learning experience, with engaging video lessons.

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Frequently Asked Questions on NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Maths

How to master in Class 9 Maths CBSE?

One of the best ways to learn the chapters of Class 9 Maths efficiently is to solve the NCERT textbook Questions. The textbook is designed by the experts who have vast knowledge about the respective subject. The question paper is mostly designed based on the questions present in the textbook. So solving the NCERT textbook using the NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Maths will help students gain a better understanding of the concepts without any difficulty.

Should I practise NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Maths regularly?

Yes, students should solve the NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Maths on a daily basis to get a clear idea about the important topics. It provides a better knowledge of fundamental concepts among students which would be continued in higher classes as well. The solutions are created by the faculty based on the latest syllabus designed by the CBSE board. Students who are not able to get the doubts clarified during class hours can get it cleared immediately.

What is the best reference book for Class 9 Maths students?

The NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Maths at BYJU’S is one of the best reference guides in the current education market. The experts provide solutions for all the textbook questions in an accurate and clear manner. The solutions are provided in both online and offline format which can be accessed by the students based on their needs. By using the NCERT Solutions, students improve their problem solving abilities which is necessary to perform well in the annual exam.